What are ISO standards

ISO STANDARDS

ISO standard is the series of a framework that helps you to run your business effectively. It is an independent, non-government organization and the members of which are the standards organization of the 168 member countries. It is considered as the world’s largest developer of voluntary international standards and facilities world trade by providing common standards between nations. ISO certification is a proof from a third party that you can comply with an ISO management standard. Through ISO standards, your organization can raise its credibility. Moreover, over 20 thousand ISO standard has been set covering everything from manufactured products and technology to food safety, agriculture and healthcare.

Besides, ISO standard helps businesses to increase productivity while minimizing errors and waste. It enables the products from different markets to be directly compared and they facilitate companies in entering new markets and assist in the development of global trade on a fair basis. These several standards serve to safeguard consumers and the end-users of products and services, ensuring that certified products conform to the minimum standards set internationally.

Benefits of ISO standard 

Following are the benefits of ISO standard:

  • Economic Benefits 

As per the research of many countries suggested that these standards help to boost the economy. In the UK, $8.2 billion is thought to have been contributed to annual growth in Gross Domestic Product (GDP). In Canada, the figure thought to have been injected into the economy since 1981 is said to be around $91 billion.

  • Business Benefits

In business, ISO Standard has brought up many benefits:

  • Cut cost through improvement in systems and processes
  • Increase customer satisfaction with improvement in safety and quality
  • Enhance the ability to access new markets is also a benefit as a product and services can be compatible
  • Reduce the impact on the environment

 

  • Consumer Benefits

if not all aspects of, there are near about 21000 standards that touch on most. Following are its benefits:

  1. Increase consumer confidence when they see the International standards logo, trusting that the product or service is safe and reliable as well as of good quality.
  2. Raise confidence when it comes to particular aspects of products is key too such as toy safety.
  3. The process of creating and writing International standards are also included as broad as possible.
  • Government benefits

The government also get some benefits that are not linked to the economic factors as discussed in the first point. This scheme has meant that governments can benefit from:

  • Expert opinion of ISO standard teams and groups have meant that when regulations are created, their opinions and skills can be relied upon
  • Opening up global markets has no doubt been a key benefit; these standards have meant that the movement of goods, services, and logistical technologies are now compatible with making trading easier but also safer too.

Language usage

There are basically three official languages of the ISO standards:

English

French

Russian

Standardization Process

The last stage of a long process is a standard published by ISO/IEC that commonly starts with the proposal of new work within a committee. Following are some abbreviations used for making a standard with its status:

  • PWI – Preliminary Work Item
  • NP or NWIP – New Proposal / New Work Item Proposal (e.g., ISO/IEC NP 23007)
  • AWI – Approved new Work Item (e.g., ISO/IEC AWI 15444-14)
  • WD – Working Draft (e.g., ISO/IEC WD 27032)
  • CD – Committee Draft (e.g., ISO/IEC CD 23000-5)
  • FCD – Final Committee Draft (e.g., ISO/IEC FCD 23000-12)
  • DIS – Draft International Standard (e.g., ISO/IEC DIS 14297)
  • FDIS – Final Draft International Standard (e.g., ISO/IEC FDIS 27003)
  • PRF – Proof of a new International Standard (e.g., ISO/IEC PRF 18018)
  • IS – International Standard (e.g., ISO/IEC 13818-1:2007)

ISO Financing

ISO is basically funded by the combination of the following:

  • The organization who are managing the specific projects or loan experts to participate in the technical work.
  • Subscriptions from members bodies and these subscriptions are in proportion to each country’s gross national product and trade figures.
  • Sale of ISO standard.

List of ISO standard

  • Quality based

ISO Standards Specification
ISO 10004:2012Quality management — Customer satisfaction — Guidelines for monitoring and measuring
ISO 10006:2017Quality management — Guidelines for quality management in projects
ISO 13485:2016Medical devices — Quality management systems — Requirements for regulatory purposes
ISO 18091:2014Quality management — Guidelines for the application of ISO 9001:2008 in local government
 ISO 21001Quality management systems — Specific requirements for the application of ISO 9001 and IAEA GS-R requirements by organizations in the Supply Chain of the Nuclear Energy sector
 ISO 29001Petroleum, petrochemical and natural gas industries — Sector-specific quality management systems — Requirements for product and service supply organizations
 ISO 9001:2015Quality management system requirements
 ISO/IEC 80079-34Explosive atmospheres — Part 34: Application of quality systems for equipment manufacture
 ISO/TS 17582: 2014
ISO 22163: 2017Railway applications — Quality management systems-Particular requirements for the application of ISO 9001:2015 in the rail sector
  • Industry-based

ISO standardsSpecification
ISO 14298: 2013Graphic technology – Management of security printing processes
ISO 15378: 2017 Primary packaging materials for medicinal products – Particular requirements for the application of ISO 9001:2015, with reference to good manufacturing practice (GMP)
 ISO 16000- 40Indoor air – Part 40: Indoor Air Quality Management System
 ISO/TS 22163: 2017Railway applications – Quality management system – Business management system requirements for rail organizations: ISO 9001:2015 and particular requirements for application in the rail sector
  • Safety and security-based 

ISO StandardsSpecification
 ISO 22000Food safety management system-Requirements for any organization in the food chain
ISO 10377: 2013 Consumer product safety — Guidelines for suppliers
ISO 10393: 2013 Consumer product recalls — Guidelines for suppliers
ISO 18788: 2015 Management system for private security operations — Requirements with guidance for use
ISO 22004: 2014 Food safety management systems — Guidance on the application of ISO 22000
 ISO 22301: 2012 Societal security — Business continuity management systems — Requirements
 ISO  24518: 2015 Activities relating to drinking water and wastewater services — Crisis management of water utilities
 ISO 28007-1: 2015 Ships and marine technology — Guidelines for Private Maritime Security Companies (PMSC) providing privately contracted armed security personnel (PCASP) on board ships (and pro forma contract) — Part 1: General
 ISO 39001: 2012 Road traffic safety (RTS) management systems – Requirements with guidance for use
ISO/DIS 34001.4 Security and resilience — Security management system for organizations assuring authenticity, integrity, and trust for products and documents
 ISO/DIS 45001 Occupational health and safety management systems — Requirements with guidance for use
ISO/IEC 80079-34: 2011 Explosive atmospheres — Part 34: Application of quality systems for equipment manufacture
ISO/NP 35001 Laboratory biorisk management system — Requirements
ISO/TS 34700: 2016 Animal welfare management — General requirements and guidance for organizations in the food supply chain
  • General Management based

  • ISO StandardsSpecification
     ISO 30401Human resource management — Knowledge management systems — Requirements
    ISO 34101-1 Sustainable and traceable cocoa beans — Part 1: Requirements for sustainability management systems
    ISO 41001 Facility management: Management system- requirements for guidance with use
    ISO 44001:2017 Collaborative business relationship management systems — Framework
    ISO 19600:2014 Compliance management systems — Guidelines
    ISO 30301:2011 Information and documentation — Management systems for records — Requirements
    ISO 30302:2015 Information and documentation — Management systems for records — Guidelines for implementation
    ISO  37001:2016 Anti-bribery management systems — Requirements with guidance for use
    ISO  37101: 2016 Sustainable development in communities — Management system for sustainable development — Requirements with guidance for use
    ISO  55001:2014 Asset management — Management systems — Requirements
    ISO  55002:2014 Asset management — Management systems — Guidelines for the application of ISO 55001
    ISO/AWI 50501 Innovation management – Innovation management system – Guidance
  • Health and Medical based

ISO StandardsSpecification
 ISO 13485: 2016Medical devices — Quality management systems — Requirements for regulatory purposes
  • Environment and Energy based

ISO StandardsSpecification
 ISO 14002-1Environmental management systems — Guidelines for applying the ISO 14001 framework to environmental aspects and environmental conditions by environmental topic areas — Part 1: General
 ISO 50001:2018 Energy management systems — Requirements with guidance for use
 ISO 14001:2015 Environmental management systems — Requirements with guidance for use
 ISO 14004:2016 Environmental management systems — General guidelines on implementation
 ISO 14005:2010 Environmental management systems — Guidelines for the phased implementation of an environmental management system, including the use of environmental performance evaluation
 ISO 14006:2011 Environmental management systems — Guidelines for incorporating ecodesign
 ISO 50004: 2014 Energy management systems — Guidance for the implementation, maintenance, and improvement of an energy management system
  • Information and technology-based

ISO StandardsSpecification
 ISO/IEC 20000-2Information technology — Service management — Part 2: Guidance on the application of service management systems
ISO/IEC 27003:2017 Information technology — Security techniques — Information security management systems — Guidance
ISO/IEC  27552
ISO/IEC 20000-1 Information technology — Service management — Part 1: Service management system requirements
ISO/IEC 27001:2013 Information technology — Security techniques — Information security management systems — Requirements
ISO/IEC 27010:2015Information technology — Security techniques — Information security management for inter-sector and inter-organizational communications
ISO/IEC 27013: 2015 Information technology — Security techniques — Guidance on the integrated implementation of ISO/IEC 27001 and ISO/IEC 20000-1
ISO/IEC 90003:2014 Software engineering — Guidelines for the application of ISO 9001:2008 to computer software
ISO/IEC DIS 19770-1Information technology — IT asset management — Part 1: IT asset management systems — Requirements
  • Services based

ISO StandardsSpecification
ISO 21101:2014Adventure tourism — Safety management systems — Requirements
 ISO 24518:2015 Activities relating to drinking water and wastewater services — Crisis management of water utilities
 ISO 20121: 2012 Event sustainability management systems — Requirements with guidance for use
 ISO/IEC 20000-1:2011 Information technology — Service management — Part 1: Service management system requirements
 ISO/WD 24526 Water efficiency management systems — Requirements with guidance for use

 

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2018-11-08T09:28:06+00:00